When it comes to the cannabis industry, there is no doubt that Cannabidiol, commonly known simply as CBD, is quickly becoming the shining star. Unlike THC, this compound is non-psychoactive meaning it does not produce the 'high' associated with marijuana use.
This rise in popularity of cannabidiol is thanks in part to a 2013 CNN documentary entitled 'Weed'. In the film, Dr. Sanjay Gupta helps tell the story of Charlotte Figi, a 3-year-old girl who utilized this powerful substance. This film brought millions to tears as it showcased the power of hemp-derived CBD oil.
This documentary helped provide contrast between recreational and medicinal cannabis while bringing CBD to light. A swell of public support followed including many positive state and federal hemp laws. As the industry progresses, the long-restricted hemp plant is slowly being lifted out of prohibition as the CBD-rich plant extract is supported by a growing body of research pointing to significant therapeutic benefits.
Molecular Mass: 314.2246 g/mol
Melting Point: 80 °C (176 °F)
Boiling Point: 180 °C (356 °F)
Like many other primary cannabinoids found in cannabis, including both marijuana and hemp, CBD begins its lifecycle as CBGA. This acid-form phytocannabinoid naturally occurs in cannabis. As the plant matures, CBGA is synthesized into CBDA. This 'raw' cannabinoid is the direct precursor to CBD. When exposed to heat via a process called decarboxylation, CBDA loses a carbon atom and is synthesized into CBD.
This cannabinoid's non-psychoactive profile and legal means of cultivation via industrial hemp make it widely available. CBD products extracted from hemp containing less than 0.3% THC are widely available online for sale and can be shipped across the USA without issue. These products have also found their way into local stores, though state-level acceptance varies.
As a consumer, you'll find a wide range of options ranging from single-molecule-CBD isolate to full-spectrum whole plant oil extract to hemp flower. The market continues to grow as new and established brands bring unique products to the market.
In addition to hemp-derived products, the medical marijuana industry has widened its focus to include significant levels of CBD in many strains. Some strains even offer ratios as high as 30:1 (CBD to THC). The result is that today CBD is widely available across the USA and throughout many parts of the world.
Originally published: September 18, 2018 | Last Updated: March 12, 2019
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